[cdi-dev] Proxy implementation leaks

Christian Bauer christian.bauer at gmail.com
Mon May 9 10:46:02 EDT 2011

Started working with Weld 1.1.1 and found two issues that probably should be addressed (maybe just documented). They both look to me like leaking implementation details because proxies are used for components which are not @Singleton or @Dependent.

public class Bug {

   public Bug() {
       System.out.println("########## CONSTRUCT");

   public void foo() {
       System.out.println("##### FOO");

   public static void main(String[] args) {
       Weld weld = new Weld();
       WeldContainer weldContainer = weld.initialize();

       Bug bug = weldContainer.instance().select(Bug.class).get(); // Creates new instance of Bug
       bug.foo(); // Creates new instance of Bug!!!
       bug.foo(); // Uses existing instance


The proxy of Bug will call its superclass constructor several times during the lifecycle of the Bug component. I don't know if that is really necessary, but if it is, you can now no longer use constructors to initialize your component. This is an issue because

- it's not documented that constructors of @ApplciationScoped (etc., proxied) components behave differently than @Singleton/@Dependent constructors

- even if it's documented, it's questionable if that really should be the case.

Taking away constructors as the primary means of initializing a component - e.g. obtaining resources such as database connections, reading config files, etc. - is a major change in the Java programming model. Users have to be strongly advised to use @PostConstruct then.

The other issue I immediately found is also related to behavior of proxies and how transitive initializing/injection is implemented (not sure if this is actually specified somewhere):

public class Foo {

   Bar bar;


public class Bar {

    Baz baz;

    void init() { ... }


When I obtain a reference to Foo, I get a proxy of Foo with a reference to a proxy of Bar. The init() method of Bar is never called. The Baz component is never activated. 

This means I can't transitively initialize an application-scoped graph of components. I was trying to use CDI for wiring in a Swing application and I imagine this would be a common usecase. It should either be documented that there is a difference between @Singleton/@Dependent and proxy-implemented scopes, or unification should be considered.

More information about the cdi-dev mailing list