Quick question: the config.json/property file is something the UPS generates, right ? User has not to build the WAR and put it into the application, right ? 

On Fri, Apr 4, 2014 at 3:49 PM, Bruno Oliveira <bruno@abstractj.org> wrote:
Good morning slackland, yesterday I had a hangout with Matthias and we agreed that the whole key agreement thing would bring more complexity from the developer’s pespective. That’s the reason why the client with airline was dropped.

Here comes the new proposal: https://gist.github.com/abstractj/ef1e3d53619796f4e87e

# Passphrase encryption for UPS

**Note**: This is NOT a replacement for SSL

## Scenario

- Developers wants to upload passphrase and certificate for iOS variants. The passphrase must be stored encrypted and restored in clear while sending messages.

## Jira references

- https://issues.jboss.org/browse/AGPUSH-565 (*Dropped*). After a hangout with Matthias, we agreed that would complicate the developer's workflow.
- https://issues.jboss.org/browse/AGPUSH-358

## Proposal

Today we can't guarantee that our developers will have an [HSM](http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hardware_security_module) to manage encryption keys. Neither we can store the private keys in a separated database, for the push server.

If somehow the database is compromised, private keys could be exposed and most of the sensitive data decrypted. 

The suggestion is to make use of a *KDF function* per application to encrypt passphrases, not perfect, but helps (like we did in the past for password reset). Where encryption key means:

PK = PBKDF2(Secret Key, Salt)

*Secret Key*: In the ideal world, users would be required to provide a password for encryption. In this scenario we don't want them to be prompted to input the password, or add extra parameters to the UPS endpoints. So the suggestion is to provide secret key configured on the server and protected by the ACL's from the operating system

*Salt*: 16 bytes non-deterministic used to encrypt/decrypt the data on the server per application and stored into the database.


### Secret key configuration

The file can be generated and checked if something exists during the application start up.

- config.properties

secret_key = "d9eb5171c59a4c817f68b0de27b8c1e340c2341b52cdbc60d3083d4e8958532" \


- config.json

{"secret_key":"d9eb5171c59a4c817f68b0de27b8c1e340c2341b52cdbc60d3083d4e8958532" \

### Sending push messages

Passphrases must be reversible for Apple, that's why we make use of symmetric encryption here.



## Register push app

```POST    |    rest/applications```

### HTTP request 

  Remain unchanged 

### HTTP response 

  Remain unchanged
## iOS Variant 

### HTTP request 

  Remain unchanged 

### HTTP response 

  Remain unchanged

## Sender 

### HTTP request 

  Remain unchanged 

### HTTP response 

  Remain unchanged

# Clients 

No changes at the client side.



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