Sigh.

On 4 April 2011 15:41, Michael Anstis <michael.anstis@gmail.com> wrote:
There is a JIRA to add this to the spreadsheet form of decision tables too; but I am yet to work on it.

There's a few I need to get round to at some time:
From the xls/csv-parser's point of view: this has to be restricted to the very simple form of the code snippet in the 2nd cell below CONDITION being just the field name. Otherwise, it's easy to write snippet/value combinations that can't be handled by an "otherwise" constructed from "not in (...)".
I don't see any useful use cases for this except for a rule table containing just two rule rows, one with the positive pattern, and one with the negated form. Is this the reason this should be added?
Simple preceding any single (!) pattern with not is possible right now - you just write "not" in front of the type.

Cheers
Wolfgang

I will be updating the Guvnor documentation around decision tables for the next release.

With kind regards,

Mike



On 4 April 2011 13:44, Wolfgang Laun <wolfgang.laun@gmail.com> wrote:
Fair enough.

Presumably this will only be documented with Guvnor - if at all ;-)

This way it will not confuse users writing their spreadsheets manually, which was my primordial fear.

Thanks for you patience, Michael!
Wolfgang



On 4 April 2011 13:35, Michael Anstis <michael.anstis@gmail.com> wrote:
I've spoken to Mark about his direction on this can of works I fell into ;-)

What has been added to Guvnor's guided decision table is the simple ability to add "else\otherwise" values to single field constraints that use literal values and either the equality or inequality operator. There are hooks in the code to add future support for other operators at the single field constraint level - not composite field constraint (I'm taking the implicit "and" between single field constraints to imply compound field constraints on a single pattern too). It is not pretending to be the much more generalised and further reaching "else\otherwise" at the whole rule level. For this I will wait until the underlying rule engine provides it "out of the box" - if ever.

With kind regards,

Mike


On 1 April 2011 11:54, Wolfgang Laun <wolfgang.laun@gmail.com> wrote:
Hello Michael,

On 1 April 2011 09:01, Michael Anstis <michael.anstis@gmail.com> wrote:
hehe, so I walked into this one with my eyes wide shut :)

Given it is only possible to define implicit logical AND's between field constraints within a decision table and given it is not possible to introduce complexity with parenthesis, is the immediate problem domain smaller than the more generalised discussion surrounding "otherwise" or "else"?

The first limitation can be overcome by converting multiple single field constraints on the same field to a single compound field constraint on the same field; thus:-

r1: age > 14, age <= 28 (i.e. age > 14 && <= 28) becomes
rx: age <= 14 || > 28

I wonder whether this problem cannot simply be resolved with application of DeMorgan's Theorems (something I know a little about from studying electronics as a student years ago).

Attaboy!

Unlike some commentators I am not an expert in first order logic, and therefore would appreciate guidance if people are willing to help.

Well, the point is that you can come up with pretty nasty constraints even without parentheses:

a > $1 && != $2 && < $3 # implicit assumption: $1 < $2 < $3

Of course, de Morgan will help you here, too, but you'll have to develop some hefty symbolic expression handling.

If expressions E1, E2, are the combined logical expressions for some field from rules r1, r2,..., the "otherwise" condition is

(
E1 || E2 || ... ) =
E1 && E2 && ...

and you continue to apply de Morgan's laws to all Ei.

But what about the very natural constraint combination of two or more fields as in my age/income example?

Perhaps an entirely different approach should be considered, too. I'm thinking of a generic mechanism, which would have to gain control before any rule from a certain rule table is executed for another fact or set of facts. Then you could inspect all pending activations, and whenever you have one for a rule without an "otherwise" in a column it should discard any activations for the same fact set for rules with an "otherwise" in that column. I think this could be done from an agenda listener.

-W




Thanks,

Mike

On 1 April 2011 07:02, Wolfgang Laun <wolfgang.laun@gmail.com> wrote:
Michael,

My position is that an otherwise for a single column is likely to
cause trouble by misunderstandings. Especially the operators >, >=, <,
<= are likely to be used to separate intervals, as in
r1: age > 14, age <= 28
r2: age > 28, age <= 42

If you apply the proposed definition, the otherwise results in
rx: age <= 14, age > 42
which is obviously never true.

You can construct similar blackouts with two different fields, e.g.
r1: age > 60, income > 100000
r2: age > 40, income > 80000

You will have to do an in-depth analysis of the AST resulting from the
condition definition resulting from rule table lines $n+2 and $n+3 in
order to get it right.

My opinion is: Don't do it unless you can do it right.

Cheers
Wolfgang

PS: I could provide a definition for otherwise with matches and
soundslike, but I'd rather not.


On 31 March 2011 21:25, Michael Anstis <michael.anstis@gmail.com> wrote:
> Hi,
>
> I'm adding support for "otherwise" to (for the time being) the guided
> decision table in Guvnor.
>
> The idea being if you set a cell to represent "otherwise" the generated rule
> is the opposite of the accumulation of the other cells; perhaps best
> explained with an example:-
>
> Person( name == )
> Mark
> Kris
> Geoffrey
> <otherwise>
>
> This would generate:-
>
> Person(name not in ("Mark", "Kris", "Geoffrey")
>
> Equals is the simple example, this is my thoughts for the other operators we
> might like to support:-
>
> != becomes "in (<list of the other cells' values)"
> < becomes ">= the maximum value of the other cells' values
>
> For example:-
>
> Person ( age < )
> 10
> 20
> 30
> <otherwise>
>
> Person ( age >= 30 )
>
> <= becomes "> the maximum value of the other cells' values
>> becomes "<= the minimum value of the other cells' values
>>= becomes "< the minimum value of the other cells' values
> "in" becomes "not in (<a list of all values contained in all the other
> cells' lists of values>)"
>
> For example:-
>
> Person ( name in )
> Jim, Jack
> Lisa, Jane, Paul
> <otherwise>
>
> Person ( name not in ("Jim", "Jack", "Lisa", "Jane", "Paul" ) )
>
> I'm not sure there is a simple solution for "matches" and "soundslike" but
> welcome advice, although a possibility might be to create a compound field
> constraint:-
>
> Person ( name soundslike )
> Fred
> Phil
>
> not Person ( name soundslike "Fred" || soundslike "Phil" )
>
>
> Would this be considered the most suitable approach?
>
> Inputs and thoughts welcome.
>
> Thanks,
>
> Mike
>
>
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> rules-dev@lists.jboss.org
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>
>
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