I have some code for handling file uploads. It uses FormDataProcessor and tries to do everything asynchronously. I call "FormDataParser.parse" passing in another handler. I'll call that handler the OnFormDataAvailable. The OnFormDataAvailable handler checks to see if it's on the IO thread. If it is, it calls dispatch. Either way, once we're sure we're dispatched that handler calls yet another handler.

What I've seen is that my OnFormDataAvailable handler (the one called by parse()) is not on the IO thread so it doesn't need to call dispatch. And yet, the exchange gets ended before the handler it calls is even close to complete.

I've found a fix, but I don't understand why it's necessary. Specifically, if OnFormDataAvailable is not on the IO thread when its invoked it calls the 0-argument version of "HttpServerExchange.dispatch()" (which you've told me in another conversation shouldn't ever be necessary). If I do that, everything is fine.

For completeness, here's the complete code:

public class FormDataParsingHandler {
private static final Logger log = LoggerFactory.getLogger(FormDataParsingHandler.class);
private static final FormParserFactory formParserFactory = FormParserFactory.builder().build();
public static final AttachmentKey<FormData> FORM_DATA_ATTACHMENT_KEY = AttachmentKey.create(FormData.class);

* The only public method - this is what gets exposed as the HttpHandler.
public CompletableFuture<FormData> parseForm(HttpServerExchange exchange) {
log.info("audio file upload request received.");
FormDataParser parser = formParserFactory.createParser(exchange);
if (parser == null) {
log.warn("No parser found that can handle this content type. Headers were: {}", exchange.getRequestHeaders());
throw new UserVisibleException("No parser for the given content type.", ResponseCodes.BAD_REQUEST);

CompletableFuture<FormData> toComplete = new CompletableFuture<>();
try {
parser.parse(new OnFormDataAvailable(toComplete));
} catch (Exception e) {
log.error("Error parsing form data:", e);
throw wrapAsUnchecked(e);

exchange.addExchangeCompleteListener((ex, nextListener) -> {
// Must close the parser so it can free any temporary files that were created.
try {
} catch (IOException e) {
log.error("Error closing the FormDataParser. Request was handled successfully but temporary files may not "
+ "have been cleaned up.", e);

return toComplete;

// The FormDataParser calls an HttpHandler when it's complete so we add a silly handler here that does nothing but
// complete this method's future when the form data is available.
private static class OnFormDataAvailable implements HttpHandler {
private final CompletableFuture<FormData> toComplete;

private OnFormDataAvailable(CompletableFuture<FormData> toComplete) {
this.toComplete = toComplete;

public void handleRequest(HttpServerExchange exchange) throws Exception {
// Before we complete the future we have to re-dispatch or we'll fall off the end of this method and Undertow
// will complete the exchange on our behalf.
FormData data = exchange.getAttachment(FormDataParser.FORM_DATA);
if (exchange.isInIoThread()) {
log.debug("Was on the IO thread. Re-dispatching.");
exchange.dispatch(SameThreadExecutor.INSTANCE, () -> afterDistpach(data));
} else {

private void afterDistpach(FormData data) {
if (data == null) {
new UserVisibleException("Parsing of data failed.", ResponseCodes.BAD_REQUEST));
} else {
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