Currently Oracle supports database versions from 10.1 to 11.2 . LONG
and LONG RAW data types are deprecated since version 8 and 8i (released
before September 2000) . Oracle keeps those column types only for
backward compatibility .
I tried the following scenario (Oracle 10gR2):
1. Create schema with "hibernate.hbm2ddl.auto" set to "create". The LONG
column is created.
2. Insert some data.
3. Modify Oracle dialect as Gail suggested. Avoid setting
4. Insert some data.
To my surprise the test actually passed :). However, I think that we
cannot guaranty the proper behavior in every situation.
As for performance, ImageType is extracted by calling
ResultSet.getBytes() method, which fetches all data in one call . I
don't suppose a major performance difference when data is streamed in
another call. oracle.jdbc.driver.LongRawAccessor.getBytes also fetches
data by reading the stream.
The bug reading LONG column affects JDBC drivers since version 10.2.0.4.
I think that we have to choose between:
- changing Oracle10gDialect. Make a not about it in migration guide to
4.0 and update "5.2.2. Basic value types" chapter in Hibernate
- introducing Oracle11gDialect. It can sound weird to access Oracle 10g
database with Oracle 11g dialect.
- disabling execution of Hibernate tests that fail because of this issue
with @SkipForDialect (and maybe develop another version of them with
CLOBs and BLOBs, @RequiresDialect). Hibernate is written correctly
according to "Default Mappings Between SQL Types and Java Types"
(referenced earlier by Gail) and this is more Oracle's JDBC
implementation issue. This option came to my mind, but it's weird :P.
I would vote for the first option.
 "Getting a LONG RAW Data Column with getBytes"
Strong Liu pisze:
> I think oracle 11g is the only one supported DB version by oracle, can we just introduce a new oracle dialect with suggested changes, and deprecate all other existed oracle dialects? this won't affects users app
> Strong Liu <stliu(a)hibernate.org>
> On Oct 15, 2011, at 11:14 AM, Scott Marlow wrote:
>> How does this impact existing applications? Would they have to convert
>> LONGs to CLOBs (and LONGRAWs to BLOBs) to keep the application working?
>> As far as the advantage of CLOB over TEXT, if you read every character,
>> which one is really faster? I would expect TEXT to be a little faster,
>> since the server side will send the characters before they are asked
>> for. By faster, I mean from the application performance point of view. :)
>> Could this be changed in a custom Oracle dialect? So new
>> applications/databases could perhaps use that and existing applications
>> might use LONGs a bit longer via the existing Oracle dialect.
>> On 10/14/2011 09:22 PM, Gail Badner wrote:
>>> In , I am seeing the following type mappings:
>>> Column type: LONG -> java.sql.Types.LONGVARCHAR -> java.lang.String
>>> Column type: LONGRAW -> java.sql.Types.LONGVARBINARY -> byte
>>> org.hibernate.type.TextType is consistent with the mapping for LONG.
>>> org.hibernate.type.ImageType is consistent with the mapping for LONGRAW.
>>> From this standpoint, the current settings are appropriate.
>>> I understand there are restrictions when LONG and LONGRAW are used and I see from your other message that there is Oracle documentation for migrating to CLOB and BLOB.
>>> I agree that changing column type registration as follows (for Oracle only) should fix this:
>>> registerColumnType( Types.VARBINARY, 2000, "raw($l)" );
>>> registerColumnType( Types.VARBINARY, "blob" );
>>> registerColumnType( Types.LONGVARCHAR, "clob" );
>>> registerColumnType( Types.LONGVARBINARY, "blob" );
>>> registerColumnType( Types.VARCHAR, 4000, "varchar2($l char)" );
>>> registerColumnType( Types.VARCHAR, "clob" );
>>> Steve, what do you think? Is it too late to make this change for 4.0.0?
>>>  Table 11-1 of Oracle® Database JDBC Developer's Guide and Reference, 11g Release 1 (11.1) (http://download.oracle.com/docs/cd/B28359_01/java.111/b31224/datacc.htm#g...)
>>>  Hibernate Core Migration Guide for 3.5 (http://community.jboss.org/wiki/HibernateCoreMigrationGuide35)
>>>  Table 2-10 of Oracle® Database SQL Language Reference
>>> 11g Release 1 (11.1) (http://download.oracle.com/docs/cd/B28359_01/server.111/b28286/sql_elemen...)
>>> ----- Original Message -----
>>>> From: "Łukasz Antoniak"<lukasz.antoniak(a)gmail.com>
>>>> To: hibernate-dev(a)lists.jboss.org
>>>> Sent: Thursday, October 13, 2011 12:50:13 PM
>>>> Subject: [hibernate-dev] HHH-6726 LONG and LONG RAW column types in Oracle
>>>> Welcome Community!
>>>> I have just subscribed to the list and wanted to discuss HHH-6726
>>>> Gail Badner wrote
>>>> HHH-6726 (Oracle : map TextType to clob and ImageType to blob)
>>>> There have been a number of issues opened since the change was made
>>>> map TextType (LONGVARCHAR) 'long' and ImageType (LONGVARBINARY) to
>>>> raw'. This change was already documented in the migration notes.
>>>> the mapping for Oracle (only) be changed back to clob and blob?
>>>> HHH-6726 is caused by an issue in Oracle JDBC driver (version
>>>> and later). This bug appears when LONG or LONG RAW columns are
>>>> not as first or last while processing SQL statement.
>>>> I have discussed the topic of mapping TextType to CLOB and ImageType
>>>> BLOB (only in Oracle dialect) with Strong Liu. Reasons for doing so:
>>>> - Oracle allows only one LONG / LONG RAW column per table. This might
>>>> the most important from Hibernate's perspective.
>>>> - LONG / LONG RAW - up to 2 GB, BLOB / CLOB - up to 4 GB.
>>>> - In PL/SQL using LOBs is more efficient (random access to data).
>>>> only sequential.
>>>> - LONG and LONG RAW are deprecated.
>>>> What is your opinion?
>>>> Lukasz Antoniak
>>>> hibernate-dev mailing list
>>> hibernate-dev mailing list
>> hibernate-dev mailing list
I found a few spare minutes to work on this a little and move it into
the next stage with some actual interfaces, impls and usages to help
illustrate some of the proposed concepts.
The README.md is very up-to-date and detailed. Would be good to get
input from others.
P.S. I probably dislike the *Inflow naming more than you do :)
As we transition to 5.0 we have to make a lot of decisions wrt API/SPI
methods that are no longer relevant. I think it is better to look at
I went ahead and made a preliminary decision here as I discussed in
HHH-7164. The thinking is that we had some leeway here because
Configuration had been deprecated (and pretty widely known to be
deprecated based on StackOverflow and other sources). Basically I made
Configuration a simple delegate to the new Metadata building code. I
removed all the methods that exposed access to the org.hibernate.mapping
objects that Configuration used to manage.
This one is a little tougher. In retrospect I think I would have just
gone for a number of discrete contributor contracts. For example,
usually Integrator is used to add event listeners, so an
EventListenerContributor would have worked. Then I would have used
Integrator as a grouping of contributors.
== PersisterFactory (and persister constructors)
Forms taking Configuration and org.hibernate.mapping objects should,
imo, get removed. But I can live with deprecation if someone wants to
"pound the table" for that. But realize that the
Configuration+org.hibernate.mapping forms would not be called ever.
To follow up on the PR migrating OGM to ORM 4.3. I think it is the right
thing to do but I wonder whether we should do a tag / release of
Hibernate OGM before that. So that people still using the JPA 2.0 series
have a final version and a point for fork.
What has happened between the latest OGM version and now - aside from a
long time that is :)
While reviewing the PR for batch operations in OGM , I took some time to
better understand OGM's approaches for id generation.
Now I'm wondering about how GenerationType.IDENTITY is implemented. The
corresponding generator (OgmIdentityGenerator) just delegates to a
table-based strategy, so an id is always pre-allocated and then passed into
the dialect when creating a tuple.
I think it would be nice to have proper support for server-generated ids,
in particular since some stores return the inserted id directly from the
insert operation, i.e. without requiring another read.
For the time being, as the current implementation doesn't really adhere to
the semantics of GenerationType.IDENTITY, should we raise an error when
using it instead of silently using another strategy?
Since the results of the discussions we had on this subject in Stockholm
are lost I started documenting what I could remember of what I had
planned here. It's still a work in progress (e.g. I'd really like to
document all the "contributor" contracts and where they fit in). If
y'all could chime in with any ideas or recollections I'd appreciate it.